Last Modified: 15 November 2017, 14:12:25.

What is Cerebral Palsy?

Cerebral Palsy (CP) is a disability that affects movement.

What causes CP?

It is caused by injury to the part of the brain that affects movement. The injury usually happens when the brain is growing rapidly during pregnancy, birth or the first few years of life. A number of causes can result in Cerebral Palsy including infections during pregnancy, birth injury, being born premature, serious infection in a baby or accidents that injure the brain.

How do I know that a child could have CP?

The most common feature in cerebral palsy is spasticity (tight, stiff muscle tone) though some kids with CP may have very loose muscles. Your child might also have trouble with hearing and vision. Difficulties with speech are common, and seizures may occur.

How do I get a diagnosis for CP?

Most instances of CP can be identified by the age of 2, although it’s occasionally possible to identify as early as a few months. A pediatrician or doctor can diagnose CP. Your doctor can also tell you which type of CP your child has.

How do I get help for a child with CP?

Although some people with CP have an intellectual disability, some are extremely bright. Educating your child will always help her develop.
When you first learn your child has a disability, you may feel very afraid, angry, and alone. These reactions are natural. Give yourself time to adjust to this new reality. It is not your fault.

Disability happens everywhere and to anyone: 1 in 10 people have a disability.

Every parent wants to see their child do well. With the right tools and approach, you can increase your child’s potential. There are numerous resources available, especially in the form of other parents who understand what you’re going through.

You are your child’s greatest strength. The most important thing to remember is that tailored education, physical therapy plans and plenty of encouragement from you will help your child reach her full potential.

© Institute of Paediatric Neurodisorder & Autism (IPNA), 2017
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